Nestle Waters, North America currently pays $200 for its intensive water withdrawal in northern Michigan compared to Coca Cola Refreshments USA Inc's fee of $1.1 million in 2016 for water usage fees to the City of Detroit. Nestle bottles water mainly under the Ice Mountain brand in Evart, and the profits made by the company just from our state's natural resources alone are over $340 million annually. Local residents have documented lowering water tables of their groundwater supplies and other waterways over the years. The CEO of Nestle is on record as believing that water is not a human right, and that the privatization of water supplies for corporate profits is acceptable. Residents have been in a legal fight with the company over its permits to pump and are continuing to fight for the preservation of our natural resources. In Wayne County, Pepsi Bottling Group LLC and Coke also purchase large amounts of water for the purposes of bottling and selling products, approximately 113 and 105 million gallons respectively, but both return approximately half in wastewater, compared to the 396 million gallons withdrawn with none returned to the water table by Nestle in 2015 alone. There are numerous other companies across the state of Michigan bottling and selling water without proper oversight or regulations, many of whom are using loopholes within the Great Lakes compact to do so.
Documented side effects of water withdrawals include, but are not limited to:
Damage to wetlands
Lowering of groundwater tables
Lowering of lakes, rivers, and streams
Warming of the shallower water
Counties with companies that are permitted for water withdrawals include:
Grand Traverse County